Restore Vision with Corneal Transplantation at Cornea Centre in Ahmedabad
The Cornea is a transparent part that covers the front of the eye. It is also known as the clear “Window” covering the front portion of the eye which includes the Iris, Pupil, and Anterior Chamber. The primary function of the Cornea is to focus and allow the entry of light into the eye. However, if you have been facing problems with your vision and are finding it difficult to see clearly, there is a high probability of your cornea being damaged. Nonetheless, thanks to the expert and professional Cornea Specialists in Ahmedabad, with the help of a cornea transplant you can enjoy a clear vision!
Cornea Transplant or Corneal Transplant, also known as Keratoplasty is a surgery performed by expert cornea specialists in Ahmedabad to replace the damaged Cornea with a transparent tissue from a donor. The procedure for replacing the white front layer of the eye is also medically known as Corneal Grafting.
What Conditions can be treated with a Corneal Transplant?
A cornea transplant can treat multiple conditions such as:
1. Fuchs’ Dystrophy: Fuchs’ Dystrophy is a genetic condition that usually affects the corneas of both eyes. In this disease, the corneal endothelium (the innermost layer of the cornea) gradually stops working as the cells die. This may lead to blurred and hazy vision, which can be repaired through the transplant.
2. Keratoconus: The cornea is a clear central part of the front surface of the eye. The shape of the cornea is round like a ball. However, if the structure of the cornea is not strong enough to hold its round curvature, it may bulge outwards like a cone. This condition is called Keratoconus which can a transplant can treat.
3. Corneal Ulcers: A corneal ulcer is an open sore on the cornea. Infection, inflammation, and eye injuries are the common causes of corneal ulcers.
4. Bullous Keratopathy: Bullous Keratopathy is a blister-like swelling of the cornea.
5. Other treatable conditions are: Cornea scarring, thinning or tearing of the cornea, swelling of the cornea, and damaged cornea due to previous eye surgery.
Types of Corneal Surgeries
1. Penetrating Keratoplasty: Also, known as Full-Thickness Corneal Transplantation. In this procedure, the surgeon cuts through the entire thickness of the diseased cornea. With the help of an instrument, a precise circular cut is made. Through the incision, a small button-sized disk is removed and the new donor cornea is carefully placed. Via stitches also called sutures, the new cornea is kept in place. The stitches can be removed after a few months.
2. Endothelium Keratoplasty: This surgery helps to remove the damaged innermost cornea, which is called the Endothelium. The Endothelium rests on Descemet’s membrane. The diseased tissue is removed from the back cornea layers through 2 types of surgical procedures. In both operations, the damaged cornea is replaced with the new donor cornea. But the slight difference in the surgeries are:
a. Descemet Stripping Automated Endothelium Keratoplasty (DSAEK): In this surgery, thicker donor tissue is used. The donor cornea replaces up to one-third of the cornea.
b. Descemet Membrane Endothelium Keratoplasty (DMEK): In this surgical procedure a much more thin and fragile donor cornea tissue is used. This procedure is very challenging and hence, DSAEK is most commonly preferred.
3. Deep Anterior Lamellar Keratoplasty (DALK): DALK corneal transplant is also commonly known as Partial Thickness Cornea Transplant. This surgical route is opted for when the innermost layer of your cornea is healthy, but the middle and outer layers of the cornea have been damaged. In such an instance, the corneal specialist in Ahmedabad will replace the outer and middle layers of the cornea with healthy tissue.
4. Artificial Cornea Transplant: If you are not eligible for a cornea transplant through a donor cornea, the doctor may suggest surgery using an artificial cornea. This process is known as Keratoprosthesis.
Risks Involved in a Corneal Transplant
Cornea surgery is relatively safe. However, it may involve a few complications such as:
1. Graft Rejection or Failure
2. Graft Infection
3. Glaucoma (Caused due to increased pressure on Cornea)
How long is the Cornea Transplant Surgery?
The entire surgery is performed in a maximum of 2 hours.
What are the Preparations needed for the Transplant?
The cornea specialist in Ahmedabad will conduct all the necessary tests to ensure a successful surgery. You might be asked to use certain pills and eye drops for the procedure. The anesthesia team will review your reports and guide you on when to stop drinking water or eating food before surgery. The entire procedure is painless and safe. You will be under general or local anesthesia, as suggested by the doctors.
What to Expect After the Surgery?
1. Receive medicines and eye drops for post-operation care
2. Return frequently for an eye check-up
3. Avoid eye injuries
4. Wear eye protection
5. Avoid exposure to direct sunlight and dust
How long do you stay in hospital after corneal transplant?
After the surgery, patients are usually kept under observation for a few hours to ensure that there are no immediate complications or adverse reactions to anesthesia. During this time, the medical team will monitor the patient's eye and provide any necessary post-operative care instructions.
A Secured Corneal Transplant at Cornea Centre
Cornea Centre is the best and leading eye centre in Ahmedabad. It is a reliable and reputed health centre known for delivering dependable eye care and solutions to patients. The lead doctor, Dr. Mehul Patel is an expert ophthalmologist. You can rely on his specialised knowledge and expertise. We use advanced technologies and the latest methodologies for the ease of our patients.
Connect today for a cornea transplant!