Best Corneal Ulcer & Eye Infection Treatment
Microbial keratitis is a potentially vision threatening and very serious condition that requires prompt diagnosis and targeted treatment to prevent blindness. Complete microbiological workup is required to identify responsible organism and for targeted therapy. Therapeutic penetrating keratoplasty is a useful procedure for restoring a stable cornea in cases in which infection fails to heal with medication or when the cornea perforates.
A corneal ulcer is an open sore on your cornea. Your cornea is the dome-shaped clear tissue layer that covers the front of your eye. Infection is the most common cause of a corneal ulcer.
You’re at risk of a corneal ulcer if you:
- Wear contact lenses, especially if you sleep in your contacts.
- Have or have had shingles, cold sores or chickenpox.
- Have dry eyes.
- Have eyelids that don’t close all the way.
- Use steroid eye drops.
- Have an injury or burn on your cornea.
- Have diabetes.
- Have had prior eye surgery.
- Have other eye diseases.
A corneal ulcer can cause permanent damage, even blindness if it’s not treated. If you think you have a corneal ulcer or have any eye problems that bother you, contact best eye specialist in Ahmedabad at cornea centre.
Symptoms of a corneal ulcer include:
- Red, teary, bloodshot eye.
- Eye pain (can be severe), eye ache.
- Pus or other eye discharge.
- A feeling like there’s something in your eye.
- Light hurts your eye.
- Blurred vision.
- Swollen eyelids.
- A white or gray spot or area on your cornea.
Because a corneal ulcer can cause permanent vision loss, rupture your cornea and destroy the tissue in your eye socket, it’s a medical emergency. If you have symptoms of a corneal ulcer, seek immediate care. Corneal ulcers can cause blindness if not promptly treated.
Corneal ulcers are treated with anti-infective medications or surgery if medications aren’t an option. Medication choice is based on what’s causing the infection. Eye drops containing antibiotics (for bacterial infections), antifungals (for fungal infections) and antivirals (for viral infections) are the usual treatments.
You may need to take anti-infective medications frequently (every 1 to 2 hours) for several weeks.
Most corneal ulcers heal in two or three weeks.
You may need a corneal transplant if:
- Medications can’t treat your corneal ulcer.
- The medications healed the corneal ulcer but left a scar that interferes with your vision and is too deep for laser treatment (PTK).
In either case, you’ll need a new cornea to restore your vision. After cornea transplantation, follow up with your best eye surgeon in Ahmedabad is extremely important.