Eye emergency centre in Ahmedabad
Corneal laceration may result from trauma which ranges from nonperforating trauma to full thickness lacerations (rupture globe) that may involve intraocular structures. Surgery is usually done to close the corneal tear and to help prevent infection. Surgery helps: prevent further damage to the eye and remove any foreign object remaining in the eye after the injury. Severe lacerations may need several surgeries for repair and can result in vision loss.
Injuries to the eye and surrounding structures can be caused by blunt trauma from sports balls, fists, or airsoft/pellet/paintball guns; sharp trauma such as a stick, projectiles or knives; or chemical trauma such as splash from a caustic substance like a cleaning material or pool supplies. Safety glasses should be worn at all times while playing with airsoft/pellet/paintball guns and these should never be pointed at anyone’s faces.
Injuries to the eye can involve the eyelids, the bones surrounding the eye, and the eyeball itself.
The front, clear surface of the eye called the cornea can be scratched and often causes pain, redness and tearing. The physician usually makes the diagnosis by placing a yellow dye (fluorescein) into the eye, which highlights the scratch. Treatment involves using antibiotic eye drops/ointment and occasionally a pressure patch on the eye. These injuries require close follow up with the ophthalmologist.
Sharp objects (such as a stick, shard of glass, or metallic item) can actually cut the surface of the eye causing a laceration. This type of injury places a child at risk for permanent loss of vision. Lacerations require prompt attention (usually surgical intervention) by an ophthalmologist to prevent complications and maximize vision potential.
Yes. Blunt trauma can cause bleeding inside the eye which is called a hyphema. The blood in the eye can cause increased pressure, which can result in permanent vision loss. This needs to be evaluated urgently and requires frequent eye drops and often daily follow up. Trauma associated with swelling of the eyelid, red eye, pain, or discharge should be evaluated by an ophthalmologist promptly.
The first thing to do when any abnormal liquid gets into the eye is to immediately flush the eye with water. Rinsing the chemical out of the eye decreases the chance of long-term problems. The next step is to promptly contact your doctor or go to the emergency department for evaluation. It is important to take the chemical or solution to the evaluation to help the doctor determine appropriate treatment.
Pediatric eye trauma can happen at home, school, play or sports. Most common injuries are scratches to the cornea or blunt trauma. Approved and tested eye and face protection is essential to prevent injuries. Sports such as hockey, baseball, racquetball, squash, and shooting require protective goggles or full face mask wear at all times.
Each year hundreds of individuals (often children) sustain serious eye injury from fireworks used without appropriate supervision and precautions. Fireworks should only be used if approved for use in the home and children should never have access to either legal or illegal fireworks.
A child that sustains an eye injury should seek immediate medical attention from an ophthalmologist to assess the visual function and carefully examine all the structures of the eye. Frequent examinations until the eye are completely healed are often necessary.