Best Pterygium Surgery and Peninsula treatment
Pterygium is a triangular growth of fleshy tissue (has blood vessels) on the conjunctiva. It can remain small or grow large enough to cover part of the cornea. When this happens, it can affect vision. And require surgery to remove it. Once the pterygium is removed, we transplant a thin piece of normal conjunctival tissue (CAG) onto the bare sclera with fibrin glue. This technique helps reduce the chance that pterygium will grow back. The best way to keep pterygium from coming back is to avoid sunlight, dryness and dust.
This condition is very common in people who are persistently exposed to excessive sunlight (i.e. UV light). It is more frequently seen in those who have lived in sunny areas.
A pterygium will result in a triangular pink bump on the white bit of the eye, and can grow onto the clear window of the eye (cornea). It can cause intermittent irritation and redness. A pterygium can worsen eyesight by growing onto the central cornea, or by altering the shape of the eye surface (astigmatism).
A pterygium is diagnosed by clinical examination during your clinic consultation at eye hospital. This is important to help differentiate a pterygium from similar more rare conditions. Occasionally, a sample may need to be sent to the lab to rule out more serious causes.
Often a pterygium will not require treatment. Intermittent irritation and redness is often successfully treated with lubricating eye drops (artificial tears).
Surgery is an option when the pterygium interferes with vision, causes persistent inflammation or is making the eye appear abnormal.
Surgery is most frequently performed under Topical anaesthesia. The eye is usually sore and red after the surgery. Using the drops prescribed by your best eye doctor in Ahmedabad after surgery is important to minimise risk of infection and inflammation.
A pterygium can recur after surgical removal. However, modern techniques in pterygium surgery have significantly reduced the recurrence rate from almost 90% down to about 5-10%.
The rate of recurrence is influenced by several factors. For example, it is much higher when removing a recurrent pterygium (one which was operated on before), or in certain ethnic groups (e.g. Hispanics).
Pterygium can cause severe corneal scarring and the resulting decrease in vision if not treated timely. Timely treatment of the condition reduces the chance of scarring and vision loss to a great extent. Regular screening can also help in the early identification of the problem and help in its subsequent treatments.
Pterygium and Cataracts are two completely different terms. A Pterygium is a tissue growth over the conjunctiva, a thin transparent membrane over the white portion of the eye. At the same time, a cataract is the opacification of the lens, which is the refractive surface of the eye helping in vision. A Pterygium does not need removal because it does not usually interfere with the vision, but a cataractous lens from the starting interferes with vision making its removal pertinent.
Pterygium Surgery is a minimally invasive procedure and takes not more than 20 minutes. Post-surgery, you can go home on the same day but will need someone to drive you home.
You can rejoin normal work in a few days after the surgery but will be required to refrain from heavy exercising along with swimming or taking saunas. You can take showers but will have to avoid getting water or shampoo inside your eyes. You will also need to avoid eye makeup for a few days post-surgery, along with using protective eyewear on stepping out of the house.
Most insurance companies in India cover for the cost of pterygium surgery.